Joanne Landy, one of the last surviving representatives of a thin thread of living continuity between the Third Camp Trotskyists of the 1940s and politics today, died on 14 October in New York, aged 75. She was one of the early members of the Independent Socialist Club which was founded by Hal Draper in Berkeley, California, in 1964, to regroup the revolutionary socialist wing of the remnants within the Socialist Party USA of the old “Shachtmanite” Workers’ Party and Independent Socialist League.
The ISC expanded rapidly into a US-wide organisation, and in 1969 renamed itself “International Socialists”. Despite Draper dropping out in 1971, the IS did significant educational and trade union work until it was disrupted by about seven splits in 1975-7, prompted by moves by the British IS (forerunner of the SWP) to gain control of the US organisation. In later years Joanne organised through the Campaign for Peace and Democracy, a committee launched in 1982 to take “Third Camp” initiatives in international politics.