Solidarity 149, 8 April 2009

Solidarity 3/149

Published on: Tue, 07/04/2009 - 22:44

Download pdf (see "attachment"). Solidarity 3/149 is eight pages, rather than the usual 20, because we have gone to press early in order to be able to get the paper distributed before the Easter holidays.

Workers occupy against job cuts

Published on: Thu, 09/04/2009 - 14:40

Gerry Bates

“Sit-down strikes,” wrote the Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky not long after huge waves of factory occupations in France and the US (1930s), “go beyond the limits of ‘normal’ capitalist procedure. Independently of the demands of the strikers, the temporary seizure of factories deals a blow to the idol, capitalist property. Every sit-down strike poses in a practical manner the question of who is the boss in the factory: the capitalist or the workers?”

The occupations of car parts factories belonging to multinational giant Visteon in Belfast, Basildon and Enfield are not strictly sit-down

After student conference

Published on: Thu, 09/04/2009 - 14:40

Chris Marks

The National Union of Students conference (31 March-2 April) saw the union’s right-wing leadership in the ascendant. Having passed their new anti-democratic constitution, they used the momentum to ride roughshod over the left:

• Right-wingers repeatedly claimed that it is unrealistic to demand free education in the middle of a recession They wheeled out the old theme of pensioners, the NHS, schools etc. being more deserving — as if these services are underfunded because of students, rather than bank bail outs and tax cuts for the rich!;

• The conference voted to ditch even nominal support for

Wirral campaign stops closures

Published on: Thu, 09/04/2009 - 14:40

Elaine Jones, Vice Chair Wirral TUC

Just as the boards were going up on the first of eleven libraries due to be axed by Wirral Council, we were told that the closures would be halted pending a Government enquiry.

This enquiry has come directly as a result of the campaigning that has taken place across the Wirral and is, despite problems will we face in the future, a big step forward. As council cuts begin to be made across the country, it is important activists pool information about what we are doing locally.

50,000 people responded to the council consultation on the cuts, yet Wirral council voted to go ahead with their

Glasgow parents occupy

Published on: Thu, 09/04/2009 - 14:40

Dale Street

The occupation by parents of the Wyndford Primary School and St. Gregory’s Primary School in Glasgow which began on Friday 3 April is part of a Glasgow-wide campaign (Save Our Schools) triggered by proposals for a city-wide cull of primary schools and nurseries.

In January a meeting of the Glasgow City Council Executive Committee agreed in principle to shut down 13 primary schools and 12 nurseries, attended in total by more than 2,000 children. Later a full meeting of the City Council endorsed the proposals.

In previous rounds the Council has defended school closures on the basis that old

Jobs fight: London Underground, media

Published on: Thu, 09/04/2009 - 14:40

As we go to press workers on London Underground are balloting over strike action to defend job cuts and pay.

London Underground is cutting more than a thousand jobs in administration grades. Transport for London is due to cut around three and a half thousand jobs over the next eighteen months.

At the same time London Underground have made an offer of a five-year pay deal — RPI plus one percent in the first year and then RPI only for the next four years. That is an effective pay cut.

ISS and Tubelines have also announced that they would not be paying the final instalment of the London living

The 1970s: 200 factories occupied in Britain

Published on: Thu, 09/04/2009 - 14:40

Tom Unterrainer

In the four years from July 1970, British capitalism “lost” more than five million working days to combined industrial action against a new Industrial Relations Act and government incomes policy.

The British labour movement was at a high water mark following the defeat of In Place of Strife, the 1964-70 Labour government’s move towards anti-union laws, in May 1969. Not only had the TUC thrown its weight — after some delay — behind rank-and-file and Communist Party organised efforts against legislation, but an explosion of shop floor organisation emerged in the form of new shop stewards’

Demand freedom to protest

Published on: Thu, 09/04/2009 - 14:40

Dan Katz

On Wednesday 1 April thousands of anti-G20 demonstrators protesters converged on the City of London in a series of protests which aimed to highlight capitalist responsibility for climate change, environmental destruction, poverty and war.

The press and police had been warning of the possibility of “extreme violence” especially from the demonstration destined for the Bank of England and the police had promised to meet any law-breaking with great ruthlessness.

On the day the police surrounded many hundreds of protesters using a technique known as a “kettle” — forcibly keeping protesters hemmed

Strikers, occupiers, don’t wait for union leaders!

Published on: Thu, 09/04/2009 - 14:40

Olivier Delbeke

Olivier Delbeke, a CGT union activist in Paris spoke to Solidarity about the trade union day of action in France on 19 March

How did 19 March compare to the day of action on 29 January?

The demonstrations were bigger than those of 29 January: between 2 and 2.5 million demonstrators on 29 January, at least 3 million demonstrators on 19 March.

All the observers agree that it was not exactly the same people marching this time. More workers from the private sector joined the demos — the effects of the crisis: plant closures, sackings everywhere.

But there were fewer strikers in the public sector

How sit-in strikes built the unions in USA

Published on: Tue, 07/04/2009 - 23:20

Walter Linder

Throughout the twentieth century there were periods of class struggle that saw workers occupy factories and workplaces: in the 1920s in Italy; in the 1930s in France, the USA and elsewhere; in France in May 1968. And in Britain in 1973-75 there were over 100 occupations over job cuts.

The following account by Walter Linder tells the story of how the tactic — called a “sit-down strike” in the US — was used at General Motors car plants at Flint, Michigan, in 1936-37.

This 44 day strike was the key struggle which shaped the mass trade union movement in the USA. The Congress of Industrial

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