The fall of European Stalinism: Workers' Liberty 3/25


Submitted by martin on 19 November, 2009 - 12:38



December: USSR invades Afghanistan, where it fears that the pro-USSR government is about to be defeated by traditionalist and Islamist rebellion. The invasion becomes “Russia’s Vietnam war”.


Mass workers’ movement, Solidarnosc, erupts in Poland. It is banned after a military coup in December 1981, but continues to exist underground.


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Submitted by martin on 19 November, 2009 - 12:34

It is 20 years since the destruction of the Berlin Wall by the people of then divided Germany signalled that Russia’s control over Eastern Europe was collapsing. Russia had held Eastern Europe in a brutal grip for four and a half decades, since the end of the Second World War.

It had used the most brutal and bloody methods of imperialist control to maintain that grip. In East Germany in 1953, in Hungary in 1956, and in Czechoslovakia in 1968 it used as much military force as was required to beat down revolt against old-style Stalinist, and Russian, rule.

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The risen people: Eastern Europe after the revolutions

Submitted by martin on 19 November, 2009 - 12:32

We have seen a tremendous series of revolutions in Eastern Europe, the latest in Romania during Christmas week [1989]. At the beginning of the week the Ceaucescus were in full control. By its end they lay crumpled like rag dolls, dead beside a bullet-marked wall.

People after people has risen in revolt against the dictatorship of Stalinist bureaucrats — Poles, Germans, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Bulgarians — and sloughed off the dictators like so much dead and putrid skin.

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What was in the coffin at the funeral of socialism? (1990)

Submitted by martin on 19 November, 2009 - 12:28 Author: Sean Matgamna

BOURGEOIS propagandists and ex-Stalinists alike tell us that we are witnessing the end of socialism. Socialism is dying of shame, failure and self disgust before our eyes in Eastern Europe. Socialism has been tried and is now deservedly rejected as an all-round social and historical failure.

It is rejected most explicitly by the working class who, for example, gave the right the bulk of its vote in last month’s East German election.

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The Lies Against Socialism Answered

Submitted by dalcassian on 19 November, 2009 - 12:24

“But socialism is dead, darling!” This was one response on the street to the front page of Socialist Organiser with the headline: ‘Stand up for socialism’ And there were many similar responses, sad as well as gleeful.

For sure, if the Stalinist systems were any sort of socialism, then socialism is dead, and it deserves to be dead. It was rotten and stinking for decades before its recent outright collapse.

But Stalinism was not socialism. It was the opposite of socialism.


Submitted by guenter on Thu, 21/10/2010 - 23:59

a) since when is hard work rewarded in capitalism? exploitation of workers is the case.

b) the poster above cant have read much of this website. otherwise he would have recognised, that it wasnt socialism what broke down, but stalinism- his counterpart.

c) "there is no such thing as free lunch". oh, in chile, at the time of allende, this was provided. at least for schoolchildren. and then the advocates of the "free market society" (the military junta of pinochet, followers of friedman &the chicago boys) went in with 30.000 deaths- "freely and democratic" tortured &murdered; woman with rats in vagina and their children on the electric rooster- all 4 rhe benefit of the capital-terror-ists; oops, sorry, i meant to say, 4 fine men and their free market. freedom as they mean it.

Submitted by guenter on Fri, 22/10/2010 - 23:39

Just as in recent years we have seen the inspiring development of such working class movements as South Africa’s non-racial trade unions and the Brazilian Workers’ Party — and Solidarnosc too
(taken from point 4)

solidarnosc only in his beginnings, later &in the end it was under full control of the CIA and the pope, as brezinsky, carter´s topman, did confess in his book after the collapse of the eatern block. so this was -unfortunately- no lie of the stalinists.
and lula did simply re-create the socialdemocrats- the article above was re-posted at 2009, and at this time, this was very clear

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4. Stalin’s system collapses

Submitted by martin on 18 November, 2009 - 11:22

The system Stalin built in the old Tsarist empire has collapsed irretrievably. The USSR is collapsing, too: most of its republics have now declared themselves independent. In most of those republics the “Communist Party of the Soviet Union” has either been banned outright, or banned from activity in the army and the KGB, and in factories.

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5. Why socialists should support the banning of the CPSU

Submitted by martin on 18 November, 2009 - 11:09

Immediately after the August coup in Moscow, Boris Yeltsin and his friends turned the Russian parliament into a veritable revolutionary committee which, backed by the people, took measures it had no legal power to take, to break up the old order.

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The triumph of unreason in the ex-USSR

Submitted by martin on 18 November, 2009 - 11:04

What is happening in the former USSR now is a grotesque triumph of unreason. In its destructiveness and senselessness, it will rank in history with the carnage of the First and Second World Wars as an almost inexplicable piece of 20th century madness.

At the behest of men like Boris Yeltsin and other ex-Stalinists, men who have been through their whole lives members of the corrupt old Stalinist ruling class, nearly 300 million people are now being pitched into the maelstrom of deliberately created or intensified economic chaos.

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What was the Bolsheviks’ conception of the 1917 revolution?

Submitted by martin on 18 November, 2009 - 11:00 Author: Sean Matgamna

Click here for the series on The Roots of Bolshevism of which this article is part
By Sean Matgamna
[An Introduction to "Trotsky's 3 Conceptions...". Both were published in Socialist Organiser at the time of the collapse of Stalinist Russia.]

The erstwhile rulers of the Stalinist system — which they said was the realisation of socialism — are now working openly for the restoration of capitalism. So are most of those they rule, and in the first place the working class.

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