The Peace Programme (1915)

Leon Trotsky

I. What Is a Program of Peace?

What is a program of peace? From the viewpoint of the ruling classes or of the parties subservient to them, it is the totality of those demands, the realization of which must be ensured by the power of militarism.

Hence, for the realization of Miliukov’s “peace program” Constantinople must be conquered by force of arms.

The German workers' revolution of 1918/19 and why it was defeated

Stan Crooke

In January 1919 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, the two most prominent leaders of the German revolutionary movement, were savagely murdered in Berlin.