India

The partition of India and the Indian bourgeoisie

Author: 

Colin De Silva

In August 1947, when  Britain left India, the country was partitioned, creating independent Dominions of India and Pakistan (now Pakistan and Bangladesh). In the process the provinces of Bengal and Punjab were also split. This article from 1947, by Ceylonese (Sri Lankan) Trotskyist Colin De Silva, discusses the stance on partition by the main bourgeois political groups in India — the Congress Party and the Muslim League. A terrible rupture and violence followed partition when 10-12 million people were displaced along religious lines.

This article from 1947, by Ceylonese (Sri Lankan) Trotskyist Colin De Silva, discusses the stance on partition by the main bourgeois political groups in India — the Congress Party and the Muslim League. A terrible rupture and violence followed partition when 10-12 million people were displaced along religious lines.

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Letters: Socialism is not just 99% versus 1%; Women need equality in law!

Author: 

Andrew Northall and Cathy Nugent

I am grateful to Martin Thomas for his response to my letter (Solidarity 439).Rather than seeking to avoid measures which would invite “a counter revolutionary reaction”, I was attempting to point out the very tight limits of social-democratic reformism, i.e. if you try and raise really serious amounts of revenue from the rich to pay for your reform programme, such a government will very quickly run into serious trouble.

Socialism is not just 99% versus 1%; Women need equality in law!

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Prosperity for the few, stagnation for the many

Author: 

Martin Thomas

Right-wingers are trumpeting the claimed prosperity of the US economy since Trump’s election, and of the British economy after Brexit. A closer look shows the prosperity as very partial.

Stock market prices in the USA have risen strongly since November 2016, though no more than their general rising trend since they hit bottom in March 2009. The slice of corporate profits in total US income is as high as it was at its pre-2008 peak, which in turn was the highest since 1965.

The world is seeing an economic recovery, but sooner or later the mismatches built into the system, and not at all mended since 2008, will bring a new crash.

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Religious practices should not be banned

An Indian socialist presents a view different from Solidarity’s on an attempt to get the Supreme Court to rule unconstitutional the practice of triple talaq (where a Muslim man can divorce his wife in minutes by saying the word talaq three times).

An Indian socialist on attempts to get the Supreme Court to rule unconstitutional the practice where a Muslim man can divorce his wife in minutes by saying the word talaq three times.

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India: Modi’s mask is lifted

Author: 

Charlotte Zalens

India’s ruling party, the Hindu-nationalist BJP, has made significant gains in regional elections in every state other than Goa and won in Uttar Pradesh.

With 200 million people, Uttar Pradesh is India’s most populous state. In Uttar Pradesh the BJP did not identify ahead of the election who would lead the government there should they win and the campaign was led by Modi. After the election the BJP chose Yogi Adityanath as Chief Minister. Adityanath has been linked to a number of anti-Muslim incidents.

Since Modi became Indian Prime Minister in 2014, Uttar Pradesh has had a big hike in anti-Muslim violence.

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Justice for Seeta

On 31 March 2015, whilst on a family trip to India, Seeta (Saini) Kaur – a 33 year old British national of Indian origin and the mother of four young children – died in highly suspicious circumstances at the home of her husband and in-laws.

It is suspected that Seeta was the victim of an honour killing, but the UK police have failed to investigate. Southall Black Sisters launched a campaign for justice for the victims of such suspected honour killings on 7 December. The campaign has been named after Seeta.

Southall Black Sisters has launched a campaign for justice for the victims of suspected honour killings.

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Kashmir repression boosts sectarianism

Author: 

Will Sefton

On 8 July 2016, a young Kashmiri commander of the Hizbul Mujahideen (HM) was killed by the Indian Army. The killing of Burhan Wani has become a symbol of Indian repression in Kashmir, the major Muslim-majority area kept by India in the 1947 India-Pakistan partition.

The HM receives much of its support from the Pakistan government and has strong links to the Pakistani secret service ISI and the Islamist group Jamaat-e-Islami. Unlike the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, HM is for Kashmiri secession to Pakistan and promotes the further Islamisation of Kashmir.

The Hindu-nationalist politics on the rise in India pose a great danger to the prospects of a democratic secular solution in Kashmir.

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Millions out against Modi

Author: 

Peggy Carter

Millions of workers across India have struck against Prime Minister Modi′s plans for public sector privatisation and an inadequate minimum wage increase.

The general strike on Friday 2 September reportedly involved 150 million workers. The main trade union organisations are fighting for 12 demands, which as well as higher wages also include universal social security, efforts to contain price rises, no increase in the maximum overtime hours, and an extension of labour protections to more workers in India. The strike was the fourth one-day general strike in India since 2009.

Millions of workers across India have struck against Prime Minister Modi′s plans for public sector privatisation and an inadequate minimum wage increase.

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Indian students oppose right-wing Hindu nationalism

Author: 

Tanuj Raut

To account for the events unfolding at various central universities in India, it is essential to pinpoint their inception and view them as repercussions of a larger phenomenon. These conflicts are undoubtedly exemplary of what happens when a government affiliates itself with authoritarian and fascist organisations to consolidate power and gradually curb dissent.

Tanuj Raut explains the background to growing protests at Indian universities.

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Solidarity Statement: Stand With Students and Teachers of JNU

This statement is republished from Secularism Is A Women's Issue


The Hindu-Right government of India identifies the nation with its Hindu majority and imposes the domination of Hinduism over all citizens of other denominations and “lower” castes.

Over the past few years, the Hindu-Right has curtailed free speech at universities, banned books, and falsified history.

A statement in solidarity with the students and teachers of JNU - New Delhi University.

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