Online pamphlets

Albert Einstein explains why he was a socialist

Author: 

Albert Einstein

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"The oligarchy of private capital cannot be effectively checked even by a democratically organised political society. The members of legislative bodies are selected by political parties financed or influenced by private capitalists. Moreover, private capitalists control the main sources of information (press, radio, education)." - Albert Einstein

Einstein, 1949: "The oligarchy of private capital cannot be effectively checked even by a democratically organised political society. The members of legislative bodies are selected by political parties financed or influenced by private capitalists. Moreover, private capitalists control the main sources of information (press, radio, education)."

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Issues and Campaigns: 

Anti-Zionism and anti-semitism on the left: a debate - Paul Foot, Jim Higgins, Sean Matgamna

By Sean Matgamna

The main bulk of this item is a debate on Israel and the Palestinians in the mid-1990s in Workers' Liberty, between the late Jim Higgins and myself.

A debate on Israel and the Palestinians in the mid-1990s in Workers' Liberty, between the late Jim Higgins and Sean Matgamna, triggered by an article in Socialist Worker by Paul Foot.

Issues and Campaigns: 

Around the world: 

Isaac Deutscher: The Anatomy of an Apologist

"Deutscher...eludes any precise political identification. Deutscher was widely seen as a Marxist historian in the authentic socialist, anti-authoritarian tradition". This view is belied by a more thorough reading of his work.

Issac Deutscher published his biography of Stalin 16 years ago. Since then he has produced a small book on Russian trade unions, several collections of essays and lectures, a three-volume biography of Trotsky and scores of newspaper and magazine articles analyzing contemporary developments in the Communist world.

Marxist Theory and History: 

Gerry Healy: After Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin - will they take back the lies about Trotsky? [1956]

Article by the then leader of the British "orthodox Trotskyists" from the March 9, 1956, issue of Tribune, the paper of the left-wing Bevanite current in the Labour Party and the trade unions.

Introductory note

This article by the then leader of the British "orthodox Trotskyists", Gerry Healy, appeared in the March 9, 1956, issue of Tribune, the paper of the left wing Bevanite current in the Labour Party and the trade unions.

The Bevanites were then a mass movement. Healy's piece appeared in the middle pages alongside a larger article by Aneurin Bevan on the same subject. It shows how well-integrated the Healy group was in the mass labour left wing of that time.

Marxist Theory and History: 

Gerry Healy and "Orthodox Trotskyism in Britain in the 1950s

Gerry Healy, the main leader of the "Cannonites", or "Orthodox Trotskyists" in Britain during the 1950s is justly discredited because of the antics of the "WRP" in the last phase of his life. The memory of the earlier Healy, who had the guts, determination and conviction to hold some of the Trotskyists together in the general semi-collapse at the end of the 1940s, and afterwards, does not deserve to be buried under the later Healy. - Sean Matgamna.

Marxist Theory and History: 

The AWL, Labour and the Left: 

SWP: from "IS tradition" to Respect

Galloway and Rees

Author: 

1 article each from Tony Cliff, Martin Thomas, Gerry Bates and Lynne Moffat, and 7 from Sean Matgamna

11 articles on the SWP's political collapse into a decade of alliance with Islamic clerical fascism. Solidarity has commented on the SWP's ongoing political collapse at each stage.

In the first decade of the 21st century the SWP collapsed politically into its "Red-Green-Brown" alliance with clerical fascism - with the MAB, an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood, and other reactionaries

The AWL, Labour and the Left: 

Appeal to the young

Peter Kropotkin's classic appeal to educated young people to join the working-class movement rather than pursue a bourgeois career was written (in French) in 1880. For obvious reasons it reads as "dated" today, but the basic argument remains strong, and the text is of great historical interest because of its huge influence on the left in the late 19th century.

Peter Kropotkin's classic appeal to educated young people to join the working-class movement rather than pursue a bourgeois career.

Issues and Campaigns: 

Rivers of rubbish: on the reputation on the left of AWL's predecessor, Socialist Organiser (1991)

Biblical scholars, I understand, have a terrible time of it working out what some of the long-vanished early Christian groups believed.

They have to rely on such chance survivals as the "Dead Sea Scrolls". Most of the rich history of the competing Christian groups in the later Roman Empire is lost: the victorious Catholic Christians entwined with the Roman and later states from the early 4th century onwards, suppressed their opponents and left little trace of them and their beliefs except for factional slanders and lies. Mostly we don't know what they believed.

We need a culture of honest criticism on the left, and an end to telling lies about other socialists.

Marxist Theory and History: 

The AWL, Labour and the Left: 

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The roots of Bolshevism. Plekhanov: father of Russian Marxism

Author: 

Sean Matgamna

Click here for the series on The Roots of Bolshevism of which this article is part
"The task of our revolutionary intelligentsia therefore comes, in the opinion of the Russian Social Democrats, to the following: they must adopt the views of modern scientific socialism, spread them among the workers and, with the help of the workers, storm the stronghold of autocracy. The revolutionary movement in Russia can triumph only as the revolutionary movement of the workers. There is not and cannot be any other way out for us."
Plekhanov was "the father of Russian Marxism" in a far more substantial sense than "forerunner", distant initiator.

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Marxist Theory and History: 

Yalta 1945: when Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill shared out the spoils of World War Two

This analysis of the 1945 Yalta Conference of the "Big Three" -the USA, Russia and the UK - as the war in Europe neared its end, shows the real driving forces in the World War.

Marxist Theory and History: 

How the Trotskyists fought and died in Stalin's camps

Suzanne Leonhard, once a militant of the Spartakusbund in Germany and a personal friend of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, was forced to flee Hitler’s Germany because of her underground Communist activities. She sought refuge in the USSR.

In October 1936, Stalin’s secret police arrested her and she spent ten years in Stalin’s forced labour camps. On her liberation (living in Western Germany), she wrote a book on her experiences in these camps, One Quarter of My Life. The following extract tells the story of Yelena Ginsburg, one of many Trotskyists who died in Stalin’s jails.

Suzanne Leonhard was forced to flee Hitler’s Germany because of her underground Communist activities. She sought refuge in the USSR where in 1936 Stalin’s secret police arrested her and she spent ten years in a Stalinist prison.

Marxist Theory and History: 

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