Online pamphlets

Socialism, the hope of humanity (1945)

Author: 

Max Shachtman
What Do the Socialists Want? What is socialism? The simplest way to find the answer to these questions is to ask yourself: "What do I want?

What Do the Socialists Want? What is socialism? The simplest way to find the answer to these questions is to ask yourself: "What do I want? What do the tens of millions like me throughout the world want?" Everyone has different tastes, different ambitions, different hopes. But almost all are agreed in wanting durable peace in a world free of the scourge of war; security and prosperity in place of unemployment and low standards of living; freedom and equality in place of special privileges, special rights and special powers for the minority, in place of the rule of the many by the few.

Trotsky: "Diary" of the Spanish Revolution and Civil War - 1936-9

Author: 

Leon Trotsky

Though Trotsky’s writings on Spain fill a large volume he wrote no concise overview of the Spanish revolution. This “diary” is culled from the commentaries he produced all through the last decade of his life: the last item here is dated 20 August 1940, the day Trotsky was assassinated.

25 May, 1930

The Primo de Rivera dictatorship has fallen without a revolution, from internal exhaustion. In the beginning, in other words, the question was decided by the sickness of the old society and not by the revolutionary forces of a new society…

Though Trotsky’s writings on Spain fill a large volume he wrote no concise overview of the Spanish revolution. This “diary” is culled from the commentaries he produced throughout the last decade of his life up to 20 August 1940, the day he was assassinated.

Publications: 

Marxist Theory and History: 

Workers in the Chinese revolution of 1926-7

Author: 

Liz Millward

The story of the Chinese revolution of 1927, is a story of how a working class developed in China, how its struggles interlaced with those of the nationalist bourgeoisie, how the young Chinese Communist Party misled those struggles and why, ultimately, they were defeated.

Around the world: 

Marxist Theory and History: 

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Multiculturalism, racism and class in Britain today

Author: 

Camila Bassi

By Camila Bassi

Three phases mark the history of multiculturalism in Britain. The first starts after the period of immigration from the Commonwealth in the 1950s and 1960s.

Three phases mark the history of multiculturalism in Britain. The first starts after the period of immigration from the Commonwealth in the 1950s and 1960s.

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Issues and Campaigns: 

The IRA in a West of Ireland Town in the 1930s

Author: 

Sean Matgamna

Below the great political generalities - opposition to British Imperialism, Partition, the "sell-out of Republican principles" by De Valera's constitutional Republican party, Fianna Fail - what was the IRA? Let us look at what it was in the 1930s in one area, Clare, and particularly in one town, Ennis, part of Eamonn De Valera's constituency.

We are not, in this excursion, in which we will look at the labour movement in that town, wandering off the subject: we are trying to bring the IRA of that time and of such places, and the sort of people who joined it, into clearer focus.

Below the great political generalities - Imperialism, Partition, the "sell-out of Republicanism" by De Valera - what was the IRA?

Around the world: 

Marxist Theory and History: 

Trade Unions: 

The ABCs of socialism today: an outline of the basics

Author: 

Max Shachtman/Hal Draper/Leon Trotsky
Thirteen pieces by the man who was second only to Trotsky as an expounder of the ideas of the early Trotskyist movement, Max Shachtman; two by Hal Draper; one by Leon Trotsky; a discussion piece on Trotskyism now, and an account of the Alliance for Workers' Liberty by Sean Matgamna.

Modern Socialism (1879)

Author: 

E. Belfort Bax
Ernest Belfort Bax: Modern Socialism (1879)

There is probably no word better abused at the present moment than the word Socialism. With those to whom it expresses anything beyond anarchy and a weekly distribution of property, it is generally deemed to cover certain cut-and-dried schemes, such as St. Simonism, Fourierism, or Owenism. This, though historically correct, is actually false, in so far as the Social democrats, Communalists, or Nihilists of the Continent are concerned. Such schemes as the above have little but an historical curiosity for the majority of modern Socialists.

Liberalism versus Socialism E. Belfort Bax (1890)

Author: 

E. Belfort Bax
Liberalism versus Socialism E. Belfort Bax (1890)

What is the crucial distinction between Liberalism or Radicalism and Socialism? This is a question very often asked. That they are actually often opposed is not to be denied. But the general opinion seems to be that Liberalism, if its principles are thoroughly carried out, is not in any necessary conflict with Socialism. We propose to examine this position with special reference to the economic basis respectively of Liberalism and Socialism.

A SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPLES OF SOCIALISM (1884)

Author: 

William Morris, H. M. Hyndman, E. Belfort Bax, H. Quelch and others
A SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPLES OF SOCIALISM BY THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE DEMOCRATIC FEDERATION! 1884

SOCIALISM, as a social and political system, depends altogether upon the history of mankind for a record of its growth in the past, and bases its future upon a knowledge of that history in so far as it can be accurately traced up to the present time. The groundwork of the whole theory is, that from the earliest period of their existence human beings have been guided by the power they possessed over the forces of nature to supply the wants arising as individual members of any society.

Vladimir Lenin on democracy and dictatorship

Lenin called for the "dictatorship of the proletariat" as a great expansion of democracy.

By "dictatorship" he meant the rule of a class, not of a Hitler or a Stalin. This is an abridged version of Lenin's "Theses on Bourgeois Democracy and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat", adopted by the founding congress of the Communist International in March 1919. Long-forgotten contemporary references and examples have been cut.

Lenin called for the "dictatorship of the proletariat" as a great expansion of democracy.

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Marxist Theory and History: 

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Against the Tide: 149 Tales for Our Time

Parables
149 stories that illustrate important political issues: Lenin, Joe Columbo, Rockefeller, Shakespeare, Wernher von Braun, the Pet Pig, Hitler, Cannibalism, Columbus, Conrad Black, Clare Short, Eamonn McCann, Freud, Joe The Knife Boy, Margaret Thatcher...

Culture and Reviews: 

Ms German replies to critics of SWP and Stop the War Coalition links with political Islam (2004)

Author: 

Sean Matgamna
Reply to Lindsey German's reply to critics of the SWP's relations with Muslim clerical fascists and their arguements to justify it.

"The British are... doing all in their power to foster the Moslem Brotherhood, a clerical-fascist organisation in Egypt... [the Moslem Brotherhood] refused to participate on 21 February, 1946, "Evacuation Day" as this was a real anti-imperialist movement and not a communal one..
"Slogans of solidarity among Moslem, Christian and Jewish workers were shouted throughout the demonstrations, and the fascist leader Ahmed Hussein, who tried to worm his way into the demonstration, was howled down and not allowed to speak."
Tony Cliff, writing in 1946

William Morris: Ecology and the shift to socialism

Author: 

Paul Hampton

The sixth part of a series by Paul Hampton

Sometime in 1882, William Morris decided he was no longer a radical and began to associate himself explicitly with socialism. He stated in How I Became A Socialist (16 June 1894) that by the summer of 1882 he was ready “to join any body who distinctly called themselves Socialists.” (Edward Thompson, William Morris: Romantic to Revolutionary, 1976)

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Marxist Theory and History: 

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Libya, anti-imperialism, and the Socialist Party

WL3-34
Peter Taaffe of the Socialist Party on the "no-fly zone" in Libya; the Socialist Party on imperialism; how the proto-AWL separated from the proto-SP; and other disputed questions.

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Marxist Theory and History: 

The AWL, Labour and the Left: 

Around the world: 

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