1. The outdatedness of the nation-state in Europe, and the lessons of World War One
Trotsky calls for a "United States of Europe", 1915
Trotsky on the "United States of Europe", 1923
2. The lessons of World War Two
Shachtman (1943) on democracy, fascism, and national liberation in World War Two
"The Marshall Plan vs the Stalin Plan, New International, 1947
3. The far left's change of line on Europe in the 1960s and early 1970s
How the Trotskyist Tendency (forerunner of AWL) was expelled from IS/ SWP over Europe
Duncan Hallas of the IS/ SWP on the Trotskyist Tendency
Tom Nairn: The Left Against Europe?
4. The European Union after the collapse of Stalinism in Eastern Europe
"Their Europe and ours", 1995
"Against the Europhobes, against the Euro-capitalists", 2004
Socialist response to the euro: debate between AWL and Socialist Resistance, 1999
5. The European left
The left across Europe, as of 2004.