I. What Is a Program of Peace?
What is a program of peace? From the viewpoint of the ruling classes or of the parties subservient to them, it is the totality of those demands, the realization of which must be ensured by the power of militarism.
Hence, for the realization of Miliukov’s “peace program” Constantinople must be conquered by force of arms.
Vandervelde’s “peace program” requires the expulsion of the Germans from Belgium as an antecedent condition.