Leon Trotsky

The German workers' revolution of 1918/19 and why it was defeated

Stan Crooke

In January 1919 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, the two most prominent leaders of the German revolutionary movement, were savagely murdered in Berlin.

1940: A “petty bourgeois” opposition? Max Shachtman examines the evidence.

Max Shachtman, CLR James, Martin Abern, etc. (The SWP Political Committee minority, 1940.)

Where Is the Petty Bourgeois Opposition? A Repeated Challenge Remains Unanswered.