The bureaucracy was not born of a one-party state, or the rule of the Bolshevik party.
The Russian Revolution and Its Fate
A Tory councillor in Redbridge recently described calls to limit tweeting in Town Hall meetings as “Stalinist”.
In May 1920, the Bolshevik workers’ government in Russia signed a treaty with Georgia, which had been ruled by a Menshevik government since 1918, under which Russia recognised the independence of Georgia (formerly part of the Tsarist empire), and Georgia undertook not to give a base to anti-Bolshevik forces in the civil war then raging in Russia.
Part two of an article by the Bolshevik revolutionary Karl Radek about the 1921 Kronstadt sailors’ uprising.
What follows is part one of an article by the Bolshevik revolutionary Karl Radek about the Kronstadt sailors’ uprising.
The debate in Solidarity about Kronstadt has been between those who utterly condemn the suppression and see it as the beginning of the Stalinist Thermidor and the end of workers’ self rule in Russia; those who absolutely defend the suppression and see it as guaranteeing the survival of the workers’ revolution for a little longer; and those who see it as a tragic mistake and in retrospect the first signs of an “emergent totalitarianism” whilst still defending the good intentions of the Bolsheviks and asserting their fallibility.
It’s the final moments of a fictional 1927 silent film.
I bought tickets back in November for the “Building the revolution” show at the Royal Academy and was given a 10 am admission time.
Victor Serge is often held up as a libertarian revolutionary critic of the Bolsheviks’ suppression of the Kronstadt rebellion (“Victor Serge and the question of Kronstadt”, Solidarity 3-229).
The question of Kronstadt defines much of the debate between anarchism and Marxism in the 20th century.