The Russian revolution remains the high point of working-class history.
The Russian Revolution and Its Fate
On 25 October 1917, the Second Soviet Congress unanimously voted to form a coalition government of parties represented in the soviets.
Academic histories tend to neglect the study of Soviet government institutions in favour of accounts focused on the role of the party.
When they sprang up in early 1917, the factory committees functioned essentially as trade union organisations, fighting to achieve the eight-hour day and to improve wages (Smith 1983).
Under the new Soviet state, unions were the site of fractious battles between the Bolsheviks and other political forces.
At the beginning of its rule the Bolshevik party did not have an apparatus.
In The State and Revolution (1917), Lenin wrote that the two institutions most characteristic of the bourgeois state machine were the bureaucracy and the standing army.
The bureaucracy was not born of a one-party state, or the rule of the Bolshevik party.
A Tory councillor in Redbridge recently described calls to limit tweeting in Town Hall meetings as “Stalinist”.
In May 1920, the Bolshevik workers’ government in Russia signed a treaty with Georgia, which had been ruled by a Menshevik government since 1918, under which Russia recognised the independence of Georgia (formerly part of the Tsarist empire), and Georgia undertook not to give a base to anti-Bolshevik forces in the civil war then raging in Russia.